Obesity is the engine of chronic disease

After middle age, the salon weight increased to 135 kg, crushing the knee joint and causing sleep apnea, hypertension, diabetes and abnormal lipid metabolism. If the salon had undergone gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy earlier and lost weight in time, it might be possible to eliminate the above-mentioned stroke risk factors and avoid falling into the vegetative pain of 8 years after the stroke.

In the Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine in January 2014, Vol. 53 No. 1 also issued a post stressing that metabolism caused by obesity affects almost all metabolic systems throughout the body, so the World Health Organization defines obesity as a disease.

The report shows that 1.46 billion adults worldwide are overweight or obese, that is, at least one in every three adults is overweight or obese. The number of obese people in China has nearly doubled in the past 30 years, and the growth rate of obesity among young adults is quite alarming, especially in the 20-39 age group.

If BMI uses 25kg / m2 and 30kg / m2 as the cutoff values ​​for overweight and obesity, in 1982, the overweight and obesity rates among Chinese adults were 6.0% and 0.6%, respectively; in 2002, the overweight and obesity rates reached 18.9% and 2.9, respectively.%.

Undoubtedly, the consequence of the obesity explosion is a significant increase in the number of patients with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer worldwide. In 2008, the number of patients with type 2 diabetes in China reached more than 92 million. The 2010 China Non-Communicable Diseases Monitoring Diabetes Thematic Survey conducted by nearly 100,000 people showed that the estimated prevalence of diabetes among adults aged 18 and over in China was 11.6%, and the total number of patients was about 114 million.

The report believes that the increasing global burden of overweight and obesity is mainly related to changes in population and dietary structure. In particular, the diet of developing countries has shifted from mainly cereals and tubers to high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt And food of animal origin . Experts also said that China is at a stage of transition to a western diet and urbanized lifestyle. The general diet has shifted from the traditional diet to a high-energy diet with excess nutrition. Consumption of fast foods, animal-derived foods, and sugary soft drinks has increased significantly. In addition to diet, lack of exercise is also an important reason.

He suggested minimizing the intake of refined carbohydrates and encouraging the consumption of whole grain foods, nuts and seed foods, fruits and vegetables; protein should mainly come from beans, nuts, fish or poultry, and beef, mutton and pork should be minimized Wait for the intake of red meat, especially highly processed red meat.

I believe that everyone has some understanding, but surgery is still relatively new to Chinese patients. This surgery was named the top ten medical innovations in the world in 2013.

Diabetes is a chronic non-infectious disease and a non-epidemic disease. Its incidence is closely related to lifestyle. In China s economic transformation, people s living standards have improved, and disharmonious factors have been struck, leading to a rapid increase in the prevalence of diabetes.

In our country, there was a large-scale diabetes prevalence survey from 2007 to 2008. In 2010, there was a new and large-scale survey. In the short period of four years, the prevalence rate has further increased. For example, in the 2007-2008 survey, our diabetes prevalence rate reached 9.7%, which means that one in ten people has diabetes. At that time, the number of patients with diabetes reached 92.4 million, and the pre-diabetes population of the diabetes reserve reached 148 million. The new 2010 prevalence survey was conducted by our country s chronic disease control center in cooperation with Shanghai Ruijin Hospital. This time the number is even more sensational. The prevalence of diabetes has reached 11.6%.

The folk also said that diabetes is also a wealthy disease. What are the dangers of diabetes? After getting diabetes, are there any complications that will cause people s lives and health?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease, not just high blood sugar. It is a phenotypic characteristic of metabolic syndrome. Patients not only have elevated blood sugar, but also may have elevated blood pressure, blood lipid disorders, 90% overweight and obesity. The main harm of diabetes comes from chronic vascular complications, macrovascular complications, major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, lower limb vascular diseases, major retinopathy and kidney disease.

Compared to Compared with non-diabetic patients, diabetic patients have a 2–4 times higher cardiovascular risk, and 75% of deaths from diabetes are due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Retinopathy and nephropathy are the main causes of disability in diabetic patients. Retinopathy leads to blindness. Nephropathy does not interfere with the transplantation of dialysis kidneys towards uremia.

Experts said, The principle of gastric bypass surgery can also be called a beautiful accident to do this explanation. The earliest to do this diabetes or participate in surgery to participate in diabetes surgery, actually after the 1950s, the United States and Europe There are more and more obese patients in the country. Due to the improvement of living conditions, the food is getting better and better. Severe obese patients have income to lose weight. There are surgery to restrict stomach intake, there are some operations to limit nutrient absorption , and these two types. Surgery mixed surgery.

In the last century in 1995, there were 605 obese patients in the Perez Experimental Center who were followed up for 14 years to see how effective the bariatric surgery was. They were surgery that limited the addition of nutrients and weakened the absorption. Not only did the patients get a good weight loss effect, at the same time, there were 146 patients with diabetes, and more than 140 patients with glucose tolerance, a total of nearly 300 patients, nearly 80% of the patients with diabetes have been alleviated, these 14 years have not been diabetic Recurrence, clinical indicators of diabetes are all good. At the same time, 98% of patients with impaired glucose tolerance are also normal in total blood glucose. So far, all doctors in the medical community have begun to pay attention to this operation. It not only can lose weight, but also this beautiful accident is so good for diabetes. Effect before we start our research on various surgical treatments for diabetes.

With the increase in wealth, the number of obese adults in China has almost doubled in 30 years, and the waistline of Chinese people has grown faster than that of people anywhere in the world. Along with obesity comes a health crisis. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes , hypertension and stroke are some of the complications.

Although the number of obese people is increasing, obesity has become a common disease of modern people, but obese people are still only a small number of people. For most people, it is not necessary to follow the trend to lose weight, but to control weight. The most important and effective means is Changes in daily life habits include adjustments in eating habits, changes in lifestyle, and moderate exercise.

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