Sea urchin is an invertebrate with a delicate hard shell covered with many spiny things called spines. Sea urchins are spherical, heart-shaped, and pie-shaped. They live in various oceans of the world, with the Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific Ocean having the largest number of species.
The sea urchin has a spherical shape, like purple prickly pears with spines, so it is known as Assassin in the Sea. Fishermen often call it Underwater Tree Ball and Dragon Palace Hedgehog. Its body is surrounded by a spherical or disk-shaped bile shell, which biologists call hard shell. The hollow calcareous shell is formed by 3,000 small bone plates. What is the nutritional value of sea urchin?
Sea urchin is fed by its gonads, which are also also called sea urchin eggs, sea urchin seeds, sea urchin yellow, sea urchin cream, orange-yellow, and delicious, accounting for 8% -15% of the total weight of sea urchin. Every 100 grams of fresh sea urchin contains 41 grams of protein and 32.7 grams of fat. It also contains vitamins A, D and various amino acids and nutrients such as phosphorus, iron, and calcium. It can be described as delicious, beautiful, high nutrition, rare food in the world.
The protein contained in the sea urchin yellow is composed of 17 kinds of amino acids, which is not only of good quality but also in large quantities. Each hundred grams of sea urchin yellow contains 20 grams of protein, which is almost double the protein content of chicken, lean pork, fish and egg foods.
Sea urchin fat content per gram is 7.2 grams, which is mainly unsaturated fatty acids and phospholipids which are good for health. Its gonads contains more than 30% of total fatty acids, which can prevent cardiovascular disease.
The content of sea urchin per 100 grams is 14.9 grams. The minerals calcium and phosphorus are extremely rich, at 475 and 456 mg, respectively, much higher than milk.
The main nutritional components of the sea urchin eggs are lecithin, protein, riboflavin, thiamine, and fatty acids. The fatty acids contained in sea urchin eggs are very effective in preventing certain cardiovascular diseases.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that sea urchin yellow has the effects of strong essence, aphrodisiac, beneficial heart, strong bones, and nourishing blood. People in our country regard it as the best tonic in the sea food. It is known to eat sea urchin yellow to nourish and strengthen the body. It is said to be refreshing and energetic. It is especially favored by some men. According to classic records, the alchemy master of the Taoism in the Ming Dynasty used sea urchins as raw materials to refining the strong and powerful Yundan to serve the court.
Modern research has found that sea urchin yellow contains a large number of biologically active substances such as structural proteins unique to animal gonads, lecithin, androgen-like effects, can improve sexual function and improve intelligence.
Studies have shown that sea urchin yellow can reduce serum cholesterol and triglycerides in the human body, improve the body s immunity, stabilize blood pressure and prevent arteriosclerosis, so it has the function of preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
The extract of sea urchin yellow can enhance exercise endurance and prolong the survival time of animals. In recent years, anti-fatigue health products made from sea urchin yellow have been used in domestic and foreign markets, which have obvious improvement effects on sub-health performance such as lack of energy and neurasthenia.
Patients with gastritis and duodenal ulcer, otitis media, cervical lymph tuberculosis, midthoracic ribs, and paronychia are studied with sea urchin shell and satin ash, and a moderate amount of swallow or smear is effective. Blow into your ear.
For sputum accumulation and chest rib pain, use deprived sea urchin shells, 3-6 grams, decoction; for cervical lymph tuberculosis, use 6 grams of sea urchin shells, 15 grams of prunella, 9 grams of fritillary, decoction clothes. Sea urchin shells are still a good fertilizer for drying and milling. The fertilizer effect of 500 grams of shell powder is equivalent to 500 grams of bean cake.
Sea urchins can be eaten in a variety of ways. Whether it is fresh sea urchin eggs (yellow) or any of the processed varieties, they can be used for steaming, frying, cold dishes, or cooking into soups. Sea urchin can also be produced and processed into a variety of sea urchins such as salted sea urchin, alcoholic sea urchin, chilled sea urchin, sea urchin sauce and canned steamed sea urchin.
For example, mixing sea urchin eggs with meat, asparagus, and eggs to fry them becomes a delicious and delicious dish; and using sea urchin egg soup to make noodles does not need to add any condiments, and its taste is even more delicious than that of chicken soup noodles. If sea urchin eggs are used in shabu-shabu, the flavor is even more unique. More high-end food methods include sea urchin braised abalone wings, sea urchin braised snow clams and other precious dishes. Most restaurants in Guangzhou and Xiamen use sea urchins for steaming. The method is as follows: first use a saw to cut an incision on the top of the sea urchin shell, then inject an appropriate amount of egg syrup from the incision, mix with the sea urchin eggs in the shell, and steam it, which can be described as authentic. This way of eating is suitable for all ages.