The so-called Five Elements refers to the five basic forms of wood, fire, earth, gold, and water. The Five Elements Doctrine is a philosophical idea with the elements of ancient simple dialectics to explain the composition of the world by using the above five basic materials. This philosophical thought, like the theory of yin and yang, once had a significant impact on the Chinese health culture and was one of the theoretical pillars of traditional health science.
Lü s Spring and Autumn appearing in the end of the Warring States Period affirmed that many things in the world have the attributes of the five elements, and made a corresponding five elements analysis. And phenomena can be attributed to water ; everything that has the characteristics and functions of warmth, rising, prosperity and so on can be attributed to fire ; all have growth, hair growth, and smoothness Things and phenomena with other characteristics and functions can be attributed to wood ; all things and phenomena with functions and characteristics of killing, descending, convergence, and cleaning can be attributed to gold; all those with biochemical, Things and phenomena with characteristics and functions such as carrying and receiving can be attributed to earth . Along this line of thinking, the Yellow Emperor s Internal Classics puts out the five elements as universal laws in the universe. Su Wen · Tian Yuan Ji Da Lun said: The husband and wife of the Five Mov ements of Yin and Yang, the heavens and the earth also, the outline of all things, the beginning of change. The Five Games and Five Elements are the same concept. It can be seen that the author of Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor believes that everything in the world changes according to the Five Elements Rule. It is under the guidance of this philosophical concept that the five-element classification and deduction theory of things was produced, and a world-five-element schema with Chinese characteristics was derived accordingly.
The core of the Five Elements Doctrine is not limited to simply classifying things into five categories, but lies in its ability to explore and explain the interrelationships between various things within a complex system from the perspective of the five elements, and to reflect on this basis The unity, integrity and self-regulation mechanism that came out. The so-called five elements complement each other refers to the positive effects of a thing on its promotion, encouragement, and resource development. The order of effects is: wood fire , fire, earth, gold, gold, water, and aquatic wood; Refers to the negative effects of a thing on its restraint, restraint, etc., the order of action is: wood gram soil, soil gram water, water gram fire , fire gram gold, gold gram wood.
Because of the interdependence between the five elements, for any one of them, there are four connections: born me, I was born, destroying me, and my gram. Take gold as an example, it has a relationship of born me with soil, a relationship of born me with water, a gram with fire, and a me with wood Grams relationship. From the perspective of ancient philosophers, it is this interdependent relationship of the internal structure of a thing that causes the cyclical movement of the thing under normal circumstances, and the normal cyclical movement is an important prerequisite for the biochemical effect of the thing.
As a matter of events, the structure of the five elements is too self-adjusting to the phenomenon of a certain line that is one of its constituents. Taking gold as an example, gold is too strong. Then the wood line is too restrained and the wood line declines. The wood line declines the restraint on the soil line. Therefore, the soil line is overwhelmed and strengthens the water line. Restraint, the water line is restrained too much and is weakened, which will lead to less restraint on the fire line, which will lead to the fire line becoming more prosperous, and the fire line being too strong will overpower the gold line. Suppress it and make it normal. If the gold line is insufficient, it will lead to excessive restraint of the fire line, and at the same time trigger the prevalence of the wood line. The fading line will cause the water line to become more prosperous, the water line being too strong will overwhelm the fire and cause it to decline , and the fire line will reduce the restraint on the gold line, thus making The gold line has returned to normal from a lack of money.
The five-element structure in The Yellow Emperor s Internal Classic actually contains two sets of self-regulation mechanisms. One is the movement mechanism of the five elements in the normal state, and the other is the repair mechanism in the abnormal state. It is the special effects of these two sets of mechanisms that ensure that the five elements system is in a state of cyclic motion in the overall dynamic balance.
The above-mentioned characteristics of the Five Elements Theory make it very easy to be introduced into the fields of traditional medicine and health science. In fact, China s health theory also uses the above-mentioned basic viewpoints of the Five Elements Doctrine to reveal the complex relationship between the morphological structure and physiological functions of various tissues of the human body, and to grasp the general laws of human life activities as a whole.
First of all, Chinese health theory categorizes various tissues and organs of the human body according to the characteristics of the five elements to explain their respective physiological functions. Take the five internal organs as an example. Among them, the liver belongs to wood, with straight, straight lines, good stretches outwards and upwards; the liver corresponds to it, so it has the functional properties of smooth stretches, curbs of depression and depression, and good drainage. In this way, various tissues and organs, physiological functions of the human body, and various phenomena in nature are combined into an interconnected organic whole, which provides two important ideas for people s health practice: First, health care should fully consider The functional characteristics of various tissues and organs in order to take corresponding conservation measures ; Second, health care should start from the overall concept and fully consider the impact of external things with similar characteristics on human tissues and organs and physiological functions, such as Five flavors into the stomach, Each one is his favorite attack, acid enters the liver first, bitterness first enters the heart, Gan first enters the spleen, Xin first enters the lungs, and salt first enters the kidneys.
Secondly, the Sink theory in the five elements structure is the theoretical core of the whole body health regulation mechanism of human health in China. The specific application of the five elements theory in the field of health is based on the relationship between things and health, through the five elements to strengthen the body s self-regulation function, so that the body s various functions can maintain or restore a normal and orderly state, and ultimately achieve the disease but prolonged health For purpose. This is the case with the five internal organs, as is the case with the Five Chis.
五 Five internal organs and Five minds are one of the five small elements of the human body. In addition to the existence of a certain relationship between their respective internal components, there will also be a relationship between the five elements. According to the World Five Elements Schematic Table, it can be known that the liver, heart, spleen and kidneys of the five internal organs have the same five elements attributes as the five states of anger, sorrow and grief. This reminds people that when carrying out emotional photography or maintenance of the internal organs, they can fully consider this internal connection between them in order to take corresponding measures. In short, under the guidance of the Five Elements Health Theory, China s health science has gradually formed a unique and effective health theory that maintains or promotes the health of the body through multi-way regulation.
It is not difficult to see that the five elements doctrine actually considers the living organism as a whole structure when discussing human tissues and their respective functional states. It pays attention to the organic connection between various tissues and organs and the whole. It regards maintaining the body s dynamic balance as a necessary prerequisite for human health, and thus forms a series of regulation mechanisms with the relationship between the five elements and the grammar and invasion. These are obviously in line with the basic principles of modern system theory.