Today, people s quality of life is getting better and better, and their weight has soared. According to the latest data from the World Health Organization, the world s overweight population has reached 1 billion and the obese population has reached 300 million. At least 2.6 million people die each year as a result. Overweight and obesity are no longer “patents” of developed countries, and they are now available on all continents. Experts called for May 11 to be designated as World Obesity Prevention Day. More attention will save the majority of obese people from the disease.
Obesity has suddenly become the biggest killer of life threatening. Professor Yang Jinkui, director of the Department of Endocrinology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, pointed out that obesity may cause the following diseases.
1. Hypertension. The most common comorbidity of obesity is hypertension. A survey in the United States states that 30% of people weighing more than 15 kilograms have hypertension. High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, if not treated in time, it will lead to serious consequences.
2. Coronary heart disease. Epidemiological investigations have shown that obesity is one of the independent risk factors for coronary heart disease. In addition, obesity will increase the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke.
3. Diabetes. When a person is fat to a certain degree, muscle and fat are not sensitive to insulin, which is the phenomenon of insulin resistance. At this time, the islet cells secrete more insulin to compensate for this phenomenon. After a few years to decades, overworked islet cells fail and develop into diabetes.
4. Sleep apnea syndrome. A large amount of fat accumulation can easily cause drowsiness during the day, poor sleep quality at night, and symptoms such as snoring, edema and even breathing difficulties, and severe cases can also cause sleep apnea syndrome. At the same time, it is also accompanied by symptoms such as lack of concentration and memory loss. Parents should pay more attention to obese children who have more severe snoring.
5. Hyperlipidemia. Most obese patients have disorders of fat metabolism, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Hyperlipidemia can cause cardio-cerebral vascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, and cerebral thrombosis at any time, which is called silent killer.
6. Osteoarthritis. The excessive weight gain of obese people is an extra burden on bones and joints, prone to arthritis, muscle strain or spinal nerve root compression, causing pain in the waist, legs, shoulders and back, and even causing joint deformation, which seriously affects physical activity.
The method of measuring the ideal body weight of the human body is to calculate the body mass index (BMI), that is, the weight divided by the square of the height, and the result is between 18 and 25 as the standard weight. Therefore , it is recommended that people who are overweight or have reached the standard of obesity should control their weight in a timely manner. Scientific exercise coupled with a reasonable diet, that is, to control the ratio of calorie intake to calorie consumption, to maintain a balance between eating and moving. In terms of diet, eat more fruits such as leafy vegetables, root vegetables, tomatoes, apples, citrus, beans, whole wheat pasta, porridge, and exercise every day. Running, cycling, swimming and other aerobic exercises are good choices.