Guide: What is calf liposuction, liposuction is a weight loss surgery that is popular in Europe and America in recent years. It uses the principle of negative pressure suction to remove adipose tissue in many parts of the body to achieve the purpose of weight loss and beautification of the body. The following editor will take you to the calf liposuction, let us explore its mystery together!
The shape of the normal calf as a whole, the upper part is slightly thinner than the middle part, and the lower part of the middle part gradually tapers, becoming the smallest at the near ankle joint. The calf length is 1/4 of the height and the two heads are long. The maximum circumference of the calf is 3/4 of the length of the calf, and the maximum circumference is located near the upper and 1/4 levels. From the front view, an arc is formed on the inner and outer sides of the lower leg, the inner arc is straighter than the outer arc, and the outermost protruding part of the outer arc is higher than the inner side. When the knees are standing close to each other, a shape gap is formed from the knee joint to the calf belly, the calf belly to the medial malleolus.
On the anatomy, the upper boundary of the lower leg is a circular line of flat cavity trochanter, and the lower boundary is a circular line of the inner and outer malleolus base. Calf from shallow to deep can be divided into skin, subcutaneous tissue, deep fascia, muscle and bone.
Superficial structure: thicker and tighter skin, less mobility, poor blood supply, and less subcutaneous fat. The cutaneous veins are mainly the saphenous vein and the small saphenous vein. There are three main cutaneous nerves, the saphenous nerve, the superficial peroneal nerve, and the superficial peroneal nerve, which sense the skin. Avoid damage to the above mentioned nerve vessels when performing calf liposuction.
Deep structure: The calf is supported by the cavity and fibula. The posterior calf fascia sheath is divided into two parts, the shallow and the deep, respectively, to accommodate the muscles in the posterior area of the calf: the superficial part contains the calf triceps consisting of the gastrocnemius muscle, the lateral head and soleus muscle. Deeply accommodate the deep muscles and diaphragm of the back of the calf. Its blood supply is mainly supplied by anterior cavity arteries, veins and posterior cavity arteries, veins. The deep nerves are mainly deep peroneal and vena cava nerves, which are motor and sensory.
Patient Before the operation, the subcutaneous fat of the patient is evaluated. It is generally believed that the thickness that can be pinched by the pinch test is 2 cm or more, and there can be sufficient fat absorption to improve the appearance. Applicable to those who affect the appearance of the calf due to fat accumulation. If the deformity is caused by muscle or bone, the effect of liposuction alone is minimal.
Anesthesia can be selected with local swelling anesthesia, or combined with other anesthesia methods. Design and mark the suction range before surgery. The incision can be selected from the medial and lateral malleolus and the medial and lateral sides of the popliteal fossa. Liposuction is mostly in the posterior, posterior, and lateral sides of the calf. The anterior subcutaneous fat is thin.
Do not draw too much, and pay attention to maintaining the natural curve of the calf. When sucking fat from the back and inside of the calf, shallow fat suction should be the main method to avoid damaging important veins, lymphatic structures and nerves deep in the endothelium of the area. Postoperative drainage and elastic mesh compression bandaging.
Due to the special superficial anatomical structure of the calf, simple calf fat suction often cannot achieve the purpose of volume reduction and shaping, and it is easy to cause uneven skin appearance. It is also easy to damage the veins, nerves and lymph structures of the skin during surgery, causing symptoms such as edema and skin sensation. For the surgeon, sufficient preoperative preparation, and sufficient knowledge and protection of important superficial structures during the operation are the keys to reducing the above-mentioned situations. Although the indications and shaping effect of calf liposuction are limited, it is still a safe and reliable method for calf shaping.
Surgery is performed on the back of the knee and a small incision in the ankle. Postoperative pressure bandaging and strong elastic socks are needed to raise the lower leg so that it can recover as soon as possible. Thick calf is common in young women, but not all calves can be thinned by liposuction.