Winter is a good time for many diseases to occur, recur, and aggravate. Why? Because this time, the yang required by our body is buried in the body. The ability to resist cold and foreign viruses and bacteria naturally declines. If you dont want to get sick during the winter, here are 15 tips to help you spend the whole winter safely.
A study published in the American Journal of Rhinology pointed out that drinking hot drinks often can prevent colds and reduce the discomfort caused by colds. Investigating the reason, Professor David Lakor, director of the Department of General Medicine at the University of Wisconsin, pointed out that the odor and water vapor emitted by hot drinks can stimulate the production of saliva and other mucus, thereby alleviating the dryness of the respiratory tract and enhancing disease resistance. For hot drinks in winter, green tea, black tea, lemonade, chicken soup, etc. should be selected. When the hot drink is hot, stretch your nose to a place about one punch away from the hot drink to keep breathing, and drink it when it is not hot. This can strengthen the resistance Virus and bacteria efficacy.
Italian research has found that fermented foods contain a probiotic that can inhibit inflammation and control bacterial reproduction. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition also pointed out that daily intake of a certain amount of probiotics can reduce the risk of disease by 27%. Eating fermented foods in winter can enhance immunity and prevent colds. Professor Shen Yanying, an expert at the China Health Education Center, told reporters that yogurt has the most significant disease prevention effect in fermented foods. Yogurt can not only enhance immunity, produce antibiotics, but also regulate Intestinal flora to prevent constipation and diarrhea. It is best to buy plain yogurt. Fruit yogurt often contains too much sugar.
Not only does chewing gum bring fresh breath, it also prevents disease. New Turkish research has found that chewing gum containing xylitol prevents S. pneumoniae from establishing a base in the body and reduces the risk of sinus and ear infections. Shen Yanying reminded that excessive intake of xylitol may cause diarrhea, so do not eat too much every day; xylitol will also raise blood sugar, it is best for people with diabetes to eat with caution.
German research shows that tea polyphenols contained in green tea can destroy and inhibit influenza virus and prevent human infection. US studies also found that participants who took green tea extracts had a 23% reduction in the chance of getting flu, and even if infected, the course of the disease would be reduced by 36%. Professor Yang Li, a health expert from the Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, recommends that green tea is slightly cold. It should not be too thick in winter, and people who are hot and have a strong body should drink it. It can help to reduce fire, but those who have cold stomach should drink less.
Research shows that omega 3 fatty acids contained in fish meat can promote the body to generate cells that fight infections, and have a certain role in preventing and controlling respiratory infections. Shen Yanying said that deep-sea fish such as sardines, salmon, and tuna contain more omega-3 fatty acids, and it is best to ensure that they are eaten twice a week. Walnuts, flax seeds, etc. are also rich in omega 3 fatty acids and can be eaten appropriately.
Taiwan research found that the ingredients contained in fresh ginger can inhibit the virus attached to the cells of the respiratory tract, reduce its replication ability, and prevent respiratory diseases. Yang Li pointed out that the colds in winter are mostly colds and colds, and the ginger is warm and has the effect of relieving the cold. You can drink ginger soup or stir-fry. It needs to be reminded that it is best to peel when boiling ginger soup, so that the effect of Xinwen solution is better, and it is best not to peel when cooking, which is conducive to maintaining the medicinal properties of ginger.
Many people think that if they drink wine in winter, their bodies are warm and they dont like colds. The latest research shows that heavy drinking may trigger a large number of cytokines, causing inflammation and fever. Shen Yanying said that after drinking, the skin blood vessels will expand and blood circulation will accelerate, and a large amount of heat in the body will be lost through the skin. Not only can it not protect against cold, but it is easy to catch a cold. Therefore, it is better to drink less.
Bill Schaffner, a professor at the Department of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University in the United States, said that the best way to prevent influenza is to get a vaccine. The vaccine can stimulate the body to produce antibodies to prevent the virus. Shen Yanying reminded that the flu virus may mutate every year, and it is best to get vaccinated every year. Generally, antibodies are produced in the body two weeks after vaccination, so vaccination should be performed before the influenza pandemic.
A study published in the Journal of Occupational Health in 2013 found that people who are used to picking their noses and touching their eyes with their hands are 41% more likely to develop a respiratory infection than people who do n’t. Enter the body through the nose and eyes. Experts remind that it is best to touch the facial features after washing your hands. It cant help but recommend using finger joints instead of fingertips and kneading. There are relatively few viruses and bacteria at the knuckles.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that frequent hand washing can effectively reduce the bacteria on your hands and prevent colds. Wash your hands carefully before and after meals, after returning home from public places, and after touching coins, nose, sputum, or saliva. When washing your hands, you should use soap or liquid soap. Rinse with running water. The index finger, palms, and forearms have a lot of bacteria. Focus on washing. After washing, it is best to wipe your hands with a paper towel. If you use a towel, you should pay attention to regular cleaning and disinfection. Nail is a breeding ground for bacteria. To prevent colds, it is also important to cut your nails frequently.
Dry winter weather, coupled with the effects of heating or air conditioning, the indoor humidity is often insufficient. American experts point out that when the indoor air humidity is lower than 40%, the respiratory tract is too dry and its antibacterial properties will be weakened. Once dust, bacteria, etc. are attached to it, it is easy to induce respiratory diseases. Moreover, influenza viruses prefer a dry environment, where they multiply faster. Therefore, it is best to have a hygrometer in the home in winter. When the humidity is too low, open the humidifier or mop the floor with a mop to keep the indoor humidity between 40% and 60%.
Studies at Yale University School of Medicine have found that regular sun exposure helps prevent flu and colds, because sun exposure helps maintain high vitamin D levels in the body and reduces the risk of infection with respiratory diseases by half. Shen Yanying suggested that the sun exposure time for adults should be 30 minutes to 1 hour per day, and 10 am to 4 pm is the best time for sun exposure. Aquatic products, dairy products, eggs, mushrooms and other foods are rich in vitamin D. You can also eat more.
Appalachian State University study found that any exercise can prevent colds. Korean studies have also found that exercise can stimulate adrenaline production and reduce the risk of colds by 27%. Shen Yanying said that the temperature in winter is relatively low, and warm-up activities are particularly important. The time can be extended to 10-15 minutes. If the warm-up is not sufficient, it may easily cause muscle strains and joint sprains. Yang Li pointed out that Chinese medicine talks about March in Winter, this is closed. Exercise should be moderate and light, and the body can feel slightly warm. Do not exercise excessively, sweating heavily to prevent injury, but instead give the virus and bacteria a chance. Opportunity. Exercises such as walking, yoga, and Tai Chi are more suitable for winter.
Japanese studies have found that practicing yoga can improve peoples immune function, slight stretching movements can help prevent colds, flu, pneumonia and other diseases, and can also relieve symptoms such as muscle soreness and sinusitis caused by colds. When practicing yoga, it is best to wear a yoga suit with a soft texture, a tight top and a loose bottom, and spread yoga mats on the ground. The movements do not have to be exact and must be done in order to avoid sprains.
Dr. Hanson, a neuropsychologist at the University of California, said that if yoga is gymnastics, meditation is an excellent brain exercise. Practicing yoga while trying to meditate, body and mind can double the health effect. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison point out that meditation keeps people focused and calm, helps relieve stress, and prevents viral and bacterial infections.
A good way to keep you ill all winter, pay attention to diet, drink hot drinks, drink more green tea, eat more fermented food in winter, nothing to chew gum, put more ginger in the kitchen ingredients, eat more deep-sea fish appropriately. In the winter, it is inevitable to want the sun. You have the opportunity to bask in the sun, pay attention to moisture, and strengthen your body.