According to the records of the earliest classic book of traditional Chinese medicine, The Yellow Emperors Canon, we can see that the ancient peoples understanding of the essence of Qigong and its concept was originally very clear-the essential characteristics of Qigong are tonic, not to practice Qi. Qigong is to adjust the Qi of the body to become harmonious by adjusting the spirit to achieve the purpose of preventing and curing diseases. In todays words, qigong promotes the coordination of the physiological functions of the entire system through self-psychological adjustment. However, the concept of qigong, which has been circulating for thousands of years, was forcibly changed in its connotation in the 1950s, which led to major errors in the definition of qigong. Since the changed concept has had a significant impact in the field of qigong so far, and has become the theoretical cornerstone of pseudo qigong, it is also an important reason why the majority of qigong enthusiasts cannot correctly understand qigong and identify pseudo qigong, so it is necessary to change the qigong concept. Briefly introduce the process of changing and defining major errors.
Many friends may not know that although qigong has a history of thousands of years, qigong has been circulating in the people for thousands of years, and it does not have a unified name like Qigong today. This type of exercise method has many names because it emphasizes differences in posture, breathing, and mind, or because it comes from differences in medicine, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and martial arts. For example, guidance, tuna, qi, obedience, sitting forgetfulness, guarding the gods, refining alchemy, meditation … tracing the history of the development of modern qigong. The aforementioned various methods of exercise were collectively referred to as Qigong and became available nationwide. To promote popularization, a gentleman named Liu Guizhen played a decisive role in it. Therefore, clarifying some important historical facts of Mr. Liu Guizhen is helpful for understanding the situation of the term Qigong being identified after the 1950s and its connotation.
Liu Guizhen, male, born in 1920 in Dasizhuang, Weixian County, Hebei Province, China. He joined the work in 1945, and became the director of Beidaihe Qigong Sanatorium in 1956. He died on December 27, 1984.
In his book, Liu Guizhen introduced: I suffer from severe gastric ulcer disease, long-term torture of stomach disease, and cause insomnia. In the case of poor medical conditions in the liberated area, I was introduced to his hometown teacher Liu Duzhou (a farmer ) I practiced internal training, and sincerely practiced it for 102 days. My stomach ulcer was cured, and other symptoms were relieved. Liu Guizhen learned this method after healing her own illness, and then used this method. Teach other patients, and those patients also get results. This situation gradually received the attention and support of Xingtai Prefectural Party Committee, Tangshan Municipal Party Committee, and Hebei Provincial Department of Health. Later, organized by the Minister of Health of Hebei Province, they agreed to call Liu Guizhens exercise method and the above-mentioned various exercise methods collectively called Qigong. Liu Guizhen wrote in his writings: The ancient methods of guidance, internal health, tuna, internal power, deep breathing, meditation breathing, etc., although they have different names, belong to the predecessors of qigong. The word Qigong summarizes the practice methods of meditation, tuna, guidance, internal exercises, etc. Because qigong is used to prevent and cure diseases, it is called Qigong therapy.
The reason why Liu Guizhen chose the name ‘Qigong’ instead of other words is because his exercises are characterized by emphasis on breathing. This technique requires stopping after inhaling, then exhaling slowly. If you look at it from the current perspective, this exercise method requires that the practitioners focus their attention on their breathing, and use the idea of breathing to replace other miscellaneous thoughts, so that the consciousness of the practitioners becomes quiet. In other words, the breathing method is only a means to help calm down, not essence. However, it is extremely regrettable that Liu Guizhen did not realize this. He wrote in his masterpiece: Why is it called qigong therapy? The word qi here means breathing. The word gong is an exercise that continuously adjusts breathing and posture. It is also the saying of the saying I have practiced kung fu. This qigong therapy is organized and researched from a medical point of view. It is also used to treat diseases and health care, and removes the superstitious dregs of the past. Therefore, it is called qigong therapy. definition. Through this definition, we can clearly see that Liu Guizhen regards breathing breath as the essential characteristic of qigong. This definition, with its connotation of breathing breath, forcibly changed the connotation of ancient peoples psychological adjustment, resulting in the first serious mistake in the definition of qigong.
Later, the Hebei Provincial Department of Health appointed Liu Guizhen to Beijing and reported Qigong to the Ministry of Health. This method, which was discovered by the people without taking medicine or injections, can cure the disease, naturally attracting the attention of the Ministry of Health. On December 19, 1955, at the inauguration ceremony of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the Ministry of Health commended Liu Guizhen for summarizing the spread of qigong, and awarded him a certificate and bonus. Several news organizations reported on Liu Guizhen herself and qigong therapy. As a result, the influence of Liu Guizhen and Qigong therapy nationwide expanded rapidly. Qigong classes were held across the country, and many people flocked to Hebei Province to participate in training classes organized by Liu Guizhen. For the first time in the country, a vigorous wave of learning qigong was set off. In 1956, National Investment established the first Qigong Sanatorium in Beidaihe, and Liu Guizhen became the president. In the same year, Comrade Liu specially invited Comrade Liu Guizhen to Beijing to report and teach qigong, and spoke highly of his research on qigong. Since then, some leading comrades of the Central Committee often asked him to teach qigong. After Comrade Chen Yi learned Qigong, hypertension became apparent. After Comrade Lin Boqu learned to practice, he happily said, You have found a good way for the elderly to heal the disease, strengthen the body, and prolong life. Comrade Xie Juezhen wrote for Liu Guizhens Qigong Therapy Practice: Qigong therapy is feasible for everyone , No money, no effort, can be sick, can be strong, can be a whole life, can be extended. This book has been printed 11 times, issued a million copies. Liu Guizhens important works have also been translated into Japanese, English, Indonesian and other languages and distributed abroad. At this point, Liu Guizhen quickly became the most influential authority figure in the qigong field at that time. Of course, he changed the wrong qigong concept to the world.
Aiming at the name Qigong that Liu Guizhen determined on the basis of his predecessors, and his definition of Qigong, some well-known health experts in China put forward many different views at that time. For example, Mr. Jiang Weiqiao pointed out: Everyone now calls Qigong. In fact, this name is not proper, but it has been adopted, and I have only been vulgar. In ancient times, it was called the health regime. Chen Tao, former director of Shanghai Qigong Sanatorium, said: If the word qi of qigong therapy is regarded as various phenomena of the nervous systems inherent activity in the human body, it will be easy to understand. If it is said that the mysterious energy of heaven and earth works in the human body, it cannot be understood from the mysterious Freed from the outer clothing, it became a way for the majority of the people to heal the disease. Mr. Li Lizhi wrote more clearly: Some people often understand qigong as the practice of qigong, so they devote themselves to the word qi, so that Various malpractices have occurred: For example, some beginners, who are forced to take deep breaths or suffocate in order to practice qi, will not only affect the quietness, but will also produce malaise and chest and abdomen pain. Breathing is only a means to achieve quietness, not to practice qi.
The situation is as Mr. Li Lizhi predicted. Later, people who learned qigong not only understood the qi of qigong as the breath of qi, but also really understood the qi of qigong as the vitality of the human body. Especially after Zhong Qigong was imprisoned for ten years, after returning in 1977, almost all people who practiced Qigong unknowingly looked at the meaning of the word, and understood the Qi of Qigong as vitality and inner Qi. In the face of this situation, Liu Guizhen gave a new interpretation of the definition of qigong. In his revised representative work, he wrote: According to classical theory, this self-exercise method focusing on fostering righteousness is named Qigong . We believe that the Qi of Qigong includes not only breathing Qi, but also the righteousness of the human body. We call the fitness method of cultivating vitality Qi Qigong, which fully reflects the viewpoint of the traditional medical theory of the motherland. To: The Qi of Qigong mainly refers to true Qi (Vital Qi). From Liu Guizhens new definition of Qigong, it is clear that his connotation of the concept of Qigong changed from the original breath of Qi to the human body. Righteousness and vitality. Obviously, this change is the result of pure speculation. He made a second mistake in the definition of qigong. This mistake laid a theoretical foundation for the internal air release and external air release-the phenomenon of external air.